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Each dog is unique as is the care that they will require. Even if you think it may not be that important, knowing your dog’s coat type will help you groom them properly. You will also better understand how your dog regulates their temperature and whether or not they need an extra coat for protection in winter. Read on to know the different types of fur, defining and classifying each in order to find the one that matches that of your pet and how to care for them.


Wiry coated dogs have fur with a wire-like texture. It is harsh and stiff and stands away from the body, especially on the tail, the back of the legs and on the face. Wire coated dog breeds often have pronounced moustaches, beards, and eyebrows. Maintaining the wire coat’s distinct texture requires hand stripping, a time-consuming process of removing old hair so new hair can grow in its place. Clipping wire hair softens its texture over time.
Your wiry-coated dog will need daily brushing to remove the dead hair. Some dogs with a wire coat have two layers of hair, a wiry, hard one and a second shinier and smoother layer.

In addition to daily brushing you must clip the fur with hair clippers that allow you to maintain a selected length typical of the breed or by using stripping combs, which will make the hair grow even stronger and harder. Choose a shampoo without oils or softeners to maintain the fur’s natural features. Washing every three to four weeks will suffice.


Curly hair is very special and unique, and it grows continuously. For this reason it will need frequent cutting and grooming. The swirls, curlicues, and twists on curly coated dog breeds can range from tight ringlets to pronounced waves. Long-haired dogs with slight waves in their fur such as the Golden Retrievers wouldn’t be considered curly coated. But when the waves become more pronounced, you’ve entered curly dog coat territory. A curly coat needs more frequent bathing than other type of fur as it is more likely to get dirty. For that reason, it is recommended to wash it every 20 days or so. Use a special moisturizing shampoo as this hair tends to become dry. During the bath make sure to protect the dog’s ears and afterwards dry properly. Avoid using conditioners that reduce hair volume. Drying should be thorough.

A curly coat should be brushed daily as any knots that may appear will be very annoying to both the animal and you as you will have to devote much time to remove them. As for cutting, this should be done with scissors except for some areas where you can work with clippers. If you have no experience, then it is recommended that at least for the first time you go to a dog salon to observe the procedure.


The short coat is that with a length that ranges from one to four centimeters. This type of hair has smooth appearance. And it’s common in many breeds such as the Pit Bull, Doberman and Boxer.

This type of dog fur is the easiest coat to care for and maintain. Bathe your dog regularly but not too often – once every month and a half.

Brush your dog’s short coat once or twice a week with a soft brush and pay special attention during hair moulting periods in spring and fall.

Long coat

A long coat is easy to identify, obviously, because of its length. This group includes the Yorkshire terrier. Long fur is shed continuously throughout the year. This fur requires regular grooming to keep it neat and free of mats. Daily brushing to avoid tangling is highly recommended. Washing once a month is enough to keep your dog’s coat shiny and healthy. Use a shampoo with softener to try to prevent the appearance of tangles and to make the coat silky and smooth. When finished, dry it with a hair dryer. Scissors should be used to trim a long coat. As is the case with curly hair, if you are not an expert in cutting, be advised to go to a dog salon to observe the technique.