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Popular Dog Breeds & Their Health Issues

Pug: Eye problem

With their squashed faces and bulgy eyes, pugs are at risk for eye problems. The most serious is an eye popping out of its socket. This can happen if a pug gets into an accident or a fight with another dog. If this happens, cover the eye with a damp cloth and rush your dog to the vet. The vet can put the eye back in place. Whether the dog will retain vision in the eye depends on the severity of damage.

German Shepherd: Hip Dysplasia

Many large breeds are prone to hip dysplasia where the joint ball and socket don’t fit together properly and causes pain, arthritis and problems in walking. When looking for a German Shepherd puppy always ask the breeder whether the parents have been screened for hip dysplasia. Parents with healthy hips are more likely to produce puppies with healthy hips. 

Labrador Retriever: Obesity

Any dog can become over weight, but labs are especially prone to it, and just like with people, obesity is linked to health problems in dogs. Labs need vigorous daily exercise. If your lab is constantly begging for more food, try giving her raw carrots, green beans or apples to snack on. Since prevention is easier than weight loss, it’s best to consult with your vet on a diet plan that’s right for your pet.

Beagle: Epilepsy

Epilepsy, a brain disorder that causes seizures, seems to be more common in beagles than in other dog breeds. Epileptic dogs will usually have their first seizure between six months and three years of age. Though epilepsy can’t be cured, frequent seizures (more than one a month) can usually be managed with anti seizure medicine.

Boxer: Cancer

Boxers are at high risk for certain types of cancer, including lymphoma and mast cell tumors. Lymphoma is cancer of lymph nodes and involves white blood cells known as lymphocytes. Mast cell tumor types of skin cancer can have varied forms and also involve internal organs. In both cases the cancer is often felt as an unusual lump or bump on your dog’s body. Both of these cancers might be treatable, it’s important to catch it early. So if you have a boxer be sure to check him regularly for lumps.

Dachshund: Back Problems

Because of their long bodies, dachshunds are at higher risk for back injuries and spinal disk problems. The best way to keep your dachshund healthy is to keep her at a healthy weight. Excess weight puts strain on the back. Also try to limit stair climbing and jumping down from furniture as it can also put stress on the back.

Doberman: Heart Condition

Dilated Cardio Myopathy (DCM) is serious heart condition in which the heart’s chambers are stretched out and don’t pump blood effectively. Often owner of dogs with DCM don’t even realize something is wrong until their dog collapses. Because DCM is so common in Dobermans many vets suggest annual screening. Medication can regulate heart rhythm and improve the heart’s ability to pump, but there is no cure for DCM.

Bull dog: Respiratory problems

Like all dogs with adorable smashed-in faces, bull dogs can suffer from breathing problems. Your bull dog’s small nostrils, elongated soft palate and narrow trachea are the reason why he probably snores and this can lead to a life threatening emergency if he gets over heated or over tried. That’s why it’s important to keep bull dogs cool in the summer and never overdo it with exercise.

Cocker spaniel: Ear Infection

Dog’s like cocker spaniels with floppy, furry ears are prone to frequent ear infections. The best way to prevent ear infections is to clean your dog’s ear every couple of weeks and occasionally flip her ears back to let them breathe. Also carefully trim any hairs growing on the underside of the ears with clippers to help keep the ear canals dry.

Poodle: Glaucoma

Poodles are one of a handful of breeds that are at increased risk for this serious eye disease. Glaucoma is a buildup of fluid in the eye which causes pressure, pain and eventually leads to blindness. Early on glaucoma can be treated with medication.

Rottweiler: Joint problems

Large breeds like the Rottweiler are at risk for a variety of joint problems, including hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, arthritis and osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD).

OCD is a condition that develops in large, fast growing puppies in which the cartilage in a joint doesn’t form properly. Feeding the right amount of balanced diet may help keep your Rottweiler keep his joints healthy.

Chihuahua: Collapsing

Does your Chihuahua make a honking noise when she gets excited? She may have a collapsed trachea which is a common problem in toy breeds. With collapsed trachea, the cartilage that normally holds the trachea open is weak, so the trachea flattens. Some dogs go their whole lives with collapsing trachea and have no problem from it, others required medication.

How to pick a healthy pure breed pup
Do your research to find out what health problems are common in the breed you are interested in. Then find a reputable breeder by asking for recommendations from friends or through a local kennel club. Once you’ve decided on a puppy, find out the health of the parents, and always consult your vet after selecting a new pup.