WOW | Mental Health

WHAT IS OCD?

OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a common, chronic and long lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviours (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over.

OCDSigns & Symptoms
People with OCD may have symptoms of obsessions, compulsions or both. These symptoms can affect one’s work life, school, relationships and social life.

Obsessions are repeated thoughts, urges or mental images that cause anxiety. Common symptoms include:
– Fear of germs or contamination
– Unwanted, forbidden taboo thoughts involving sex, religion
– Fear of losing control and harming yourself or others
– Having things symmetrical or in perfect order

Compulsions are repetitive behaviors that a person with OCD feels the urge to do in response to an obsessive thought. Common compulsions include:
– Excessive cleaning and/or hand washing
– Ordering and arranging things in a particular/precise way
– Repeatedly checking on things
– Compulsive counting

Treatment
OCD is typically treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of both. Although most patients with OCD respond to treatment, some patients continue to experience symptoms.

Self help
» Stay closely connected to supportive family and friends
» Move your body frequently. Avoid sitting more than an hour in one place.
» Learn to recognise and omit obsessive and compulsive rituals
» Schedule daily timetable to review your list of worries
» Learn about different relaxation techniques and practice it often


dr ajitDr. Ajit Kumar Gurung, MD; DPM has been working as a consultant psychiatrist since the last 16 years. He is Psychiatrist Consultant at Norvic International Hospital; Head of Department and Senior Consultant Psychiatrist at Department of Psychiatry, Nepal Police Hospital; and Consultant for Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation Centre ‘Ashara’.